Crime Rate

 

 

 

Additional years of data can be found in the Excel download.

Note: For 2015, Multnomah County and its agencies only reported a very small portion of data due to technical problems.

 

Why is this important?

Crime impacts both real and perceived safety in a community. Increased stress associated with a fear of criminal activity can negatively affect an individual’s physical health, mental health, and quality of life.[i] Fear of crime can reduce a person’s comfort with walking, bicycling, or riding public transit at night, and higher levels of perceived neighborhood safety have been linked with higher levels of physical activity.[ii] On a community level, the perception of high violent crime rates can lead to residential instability.[iii] For example, real or perceived high crime rates can reduce the income of businesses in a neighborhood and can lead to disinvestment in communities.

Metadata


[i] Mai Stafford, Tarani Chandola, Michael Marmot, "Association between Fear of Crime and Mental Health and Physical Functioning," American Journal of Public Health 97, no. 11 (2007): 2076-2081.

[ii] "Neighborhood safety and the prevalence of physical inactivity -- selected states," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 48, no. 7 (1996): 143.

[iii] Youth and violence: A report of the Surgeon General (2001).